World Diabetes Day aims to spread awareness about diabetes. The cause, prevention and impact it has on people’s lives.
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system incorrectly targets and destroys the cells within the pancreas that produce insulin. Insulin lowers blood sugar, so without out it there will be a build-up of glucose in the bloodstream.
Type 2 diabetes often develops later in life and occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or the body builds up a resistance to the insulin that is produced.
Are you at risk?
Whilst there is nothing that can be done to prevent Type 1 diabetes, there are regular treatments available such as insulin injections, to maintain the glucose levels in the bloodstream. With the right treatment and care, the effects of diabetes and high glucose levels can be managed successfully, and you can live a healthy life.
For type 2 diabetes, genetics can be a factor. However, there are ways to reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by living a healthy lifestyle. Through exercising, managing your weight, limiting alcohol intake, stopping smoking and eating a balanced diet.
There are many symptoms of diabetes, these may include:
- Having to urinate a lot
- Extreme thirst
- Severe tiredness
- Weight loss
- Infections such as thrush
- Slow healing for wounds
If you have experienced any of these symptoms or know someone who has, we would advise you to speak to your GP.